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How Does A Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan Help Prevent Water Pollution

Non-source pollution is the main reason for an increase in stormwater pollution. This pollution comes from run-off from cities and suburban areas. Most open areas in these places are covered by concrete or asphalt and these impervious surfaces lead to the waste, dirt and other polluting items finding their way into drains, which then lead to waterways.

Stormwater pollution can lead to degradation in the integrity of groundwater sources. Storm water pollution is a major problem and this needs to be controlled. This has led to laws and regulations being put in place to require major industries and large projects to have in place a stormwater pollution prevention plan or SWPP before they commence any construction that will alter the quality of water being discharged into drains that lead onward to water sources.

Developing such plans requires a lot of planning and can take a lot of time and thought. A properly planned SWPP requires a team to be formed that will be responsible for designing the plan, implementing it and maintaining it so that it functions as it is required to. All plans that are connected with the environment must be viewed while developing this plan so that there is an overall control on environmental factors. During this planning, it is essential to identify the sources of pollution that can find their way into storm water drains. A map can be prepared that locates all the sources of pollution. An inventory of all the materials that will be handled, processed or stored at that site must be made. Any previous record of spills or leaks of these substances that can add to pollution must be made available to the planning authority. Any discharges that are normally led into storm water drains, even when there are no storms must be tested and evaluated for their ability to add to the pollution. Any data that can be made available that can indicate pollution in existing storm water drains can help to act as a benchmark to decide on whether pollution is being added. All these findings must be summarized and then an SWPP can be drawn up that will keep the pollution within the parameters laid down by the authorities.

It is important that an SWPP also includes the best management practices that must be followed so that stormwater pollution can be controlled. The industry or project must follow good housekeeping methods that reduce the pollution. All equipment and property must be properly maintained, and all areas must be visually inspected. Spills must be prevented and measures to contain such spills and immediate responses to any occurrences must be practiced and in place. Erosion of materials that can lead to sedimentation in storm water drains must be minimized.

It is necessary that all employees be trained to be aware of the SWPP and the need to follow the proper management practices for dealing with storm water. The plan must be regularly evaluated, and if necessary revised. Spills, leaks and other occurrences that add to pollution must be properly recorded. To find out more information about SWPPP's please visit this Orange County consultant

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